Within the framework of cooperation with the UNDP Rule of Law Program, the National Institute for Strategic Studies of the Kyrgyz Republic (NISS KR) conducted a study on measuring the "Rule of Law Index in the Kyrgyz Republic" (CPI).
The purpose of the study was to systematically and comprehensively measure the Rule of Law in the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), contributing to the achievement of the Sustainable Development’s goal №16 until 2030 in "promoting peaceful and open societies for sustainable development, ensuring access to justice for all and creation of effective, accountable and participatory institutions at all levels ". The study on measuring the CPI allows to:
1) monitor the dynamics of the progress of judicial reform aimed at:
- strengthening the rule of law;
- adherence to the principles of justice;
- equality of all before the law and the court;
- ensuring transparency of justice;
- impeccable conduct of judges;
- increasing the level of confidence in the judicial system;
2) assess the satisfaction of the residents of the republic with the rule of law, manifested through the activities of state bodies and local self-government bodies;
3) monitor the dynamics of changes in the mood of the society and its relation to the laws among the population, civil servants and qualified experts.
The study examines four factors that affect the Rule of Law Index: (1) the restriction of state power, (2) the absence of corruption, (3) order and security, and (4) civil and criminal justice.
In 2016, based on the developed methodology, a pilot questionnaire was filled in by 400 respondents among the population in the cities of Bishkek and Osh, as well as in several villages. In 2017, the geography of questionnaires was expanded, and the total sample of the population was 1000 people. During the pilot study and research in 2017, in-depth interviews were held with representatives of the civil service, independent experts from among human rights defenders, political scientists, and lawyers.
As a result of the pilot study and the 2017 study, the experts developed the following recommendations:
To the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic: in order to prevent offenses:
to continue targeted work on legal propaganda among the population of the country;
to continue work on increasing the level of transparency of the work of state and municipal bodies, including law enforcement agencies, to strengthen the role of civil society, to carry out measures for monitoring state and municipal bodies by the public;
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic should allocate sufficient financial resources for reforming, arranging and protecting the prison system;
For a more complete and effective work on the administration of justice in the judicial system:
to create conditions for the development of the system of jury trials by civil society.